JJDPA Core Requirements

Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenders (DSO)

A status offender is a juvenile charged with or adjudicated for conduct that would not, under the law of the jurisdiction in which the offense was committed, be a crime if committed by an adult. The most common examples of status offenses are chronic or persistent truancy, running away, violating curfew laws, or possessing alcohol or tobacco. This JJDPA requirement focuses on alternatives to placing juveniles into detention facilities for status offenses.

Adult Jail and Lock-up Removal

This requirement focuses on removing youth from adult jails and detention facilities.



Sight and Sound Separation

This requirement ensures that minors are not detained or confined in any institution where they may have contact with adult inmates.


Racial and Ethnic Disparities 

This requirement focuses on address and reduce racial and ethnic disparities within the juvenile justice system.