JJDPA Core Requirements

Deinstitutionalization of Status Offenders (DSO)

A status offender is a juvenile charged with or adjudicated for conduct that would not, under the law of the jurisdiction in which the offense was committed, be a crime if committed by an adult. The most common examples of status offenses are chronic or persistent truancy, running away, violating curfew laws, or possessing alcohol or tobacco. This JJDPA requirement focuses on alternatives to placing juveniles into detention facilities for status offenses.

Adult Jail and Lock-up Removal

This requirement focuses on removing juveniles from adult jails and detention facilities.



Sight and Sound Separation

This requirement ensures that accused and adjudicated delinquents, status offenders, and non-offending juveniles are not detained or confined in any institution where they may have contact with adult inmates.


Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC)

This requirement focuses on reducing the disproportionate number of juvenile members of minority groups who come into contact with the juvenile justice system.